The surface nearest or adjoining the lips (the labialis muscles). Hence the labial surface of a tooth refers to the front of the upper and lower incisor teeth. A dentist will use the term when describing [charting] a mouth to identify the position of a cavity or a filling.
A condition that may affect the lining of the mouth and tongue. It is an inflammatory
condition that causes soreness, sensitivity and discomfort. The condition has a variety
of appearances. It is commonly seen as a network of fine white lines on the inside of
the cheeks, often on a reddish background. Less commonly it can appear as white
patches of different sizes and shapes on the tongue or roof of the mouth. Occasionally
the gums can be affected, both with white patches and, sometimes, shiny red sorelooking
Thread usually made of silk or cotton used to tie off blood vessels or stitch tissues together. It is removed when healing is well advanced. In some instances, a dissolvable material [e.g. catgut] is used to bring the deeper tissues together before the surface tissues are repaired. These deep stitches [sutures] are then left undisturbed.
A local anaesthetic commonly used in dentistry and often combined with 2%
adrenaline to prolong the effect by reducing the blood flow. A dental anaesthetic can
last for as long as 3 hours and patients should take great care not to drink very hot
fluids or chew on the affected side until the normal sensation has returned. It is very
easy to bite the anaesthetised area and cause serious soft tissue damage and ulceration.