Wearing away of a tooth. It may be caused by incorrect tooth brushing (The point where the tooth meets the gum is particularly vulnerable as the root may have become exposed). It can be made worse by the use of abrasive toothpaste (e.g. smokers). Any damage near the gum may be extremely sensitive and need treatment from a dentist. Sensodyne may be an effective remedy.
An accumulation of pus which is formed at the root of a tooth. The tooth will be very tender and there will be an intense throbbing pain. An abscess in the area where the tooth meets the gum is known as a periodontal abscess. Dental treatment will be needed to effect a cure, but some measures can be taken to ease the pain: Take 2 Solpadine tablets and rinse your mouth with hot water into which you have dissolved a teaspoonful of salt. This will help soothe the pain and assist the healing process.
Accidents that involve injury to the teeth affect all age’s groups. However, children are more vulnerable (just over one third of all five year olds will have suffered an injury to their first [primary] teeth.) By 12 years of age, 20-30% of children will have suffered injuries to their teeth. Immediate action in the event of some injuries, such as a knocked out tooth, gives a much better chance of a good recovery Injuries to the teeth can include the fracture of a portion of the crown, of the tooth, or the root. The fracture can go through enamel only; through into the sensitive yellow tissue under the enamel [dentine] or into the pulp (nerve and blood vessels) in the middle of the tooth.
Injuries can also affect the tissues that hold the tooth in place (periodontal ligament), or the tooth can be loosened or knocked out of its socket completely Accreditation
The dental industry is undergoing dramatic change. Independent practices are facing
new competition with the entry into the market place of a number of big companies
such as Boots and DenCare. In response, some independent dental practices are
seeking to highlight their particular skills by adopting recognised quality management
systems such as Investors In People, The Charter Mark, The BDA Good Practice
Award, and the ISO 9000 Standard. This is accreditation. As they provide a
mechanism that proves that proper practice management controls are in place.
A substance produced by the Adrenal Glands, which prepares the body for fight or
flight. It increases blood pressure, the heart rate, and nervous activity. Local
anaesthetics contain adrenaline in very small quantities. Some patients are sensitive to
adrenaline and it can induce a very rapid heart rate and palpitations. Dentists should
be informed of any allergies/sensitivities.
Toothache experienced during high-altitude flying. It is caused by the expansion of gas within the pulp chamber of a tooth due to the reduction in atmospheric pressure. It is usually the sign of a dead or infected tooth that is in need of treatment.
The techniques used to improve the position, colour shape and symmetry of the teeth
and jaws. Aesthetic dentistry techniques are used to improve the appearance, as well
as the function, of the teeth and mouth. Orthodontic treatment is included under this
A mixture of finely powdered silver, a small quantity of copper, and mercury which
forms a plastic material used to fill a tooth. Once tightly packed into the prepared
tooth, the material is then carved into the required shape. It will set within a matter of
hours to form an extremely durable, and long lasting filling. This is often referred to
as a "silver amalgam filling".
The sudden and dramatic collapse of the circulatory system as the result of an acute allergic response (e.g. from a bee or wasp sting). There may be a rapid drop in blood pressure that causes a loss of consciousness in which case emergency treatment is required. This consists of the administration of antihistamines or cortisones. The condition can prove fatal.
A condition in which the tooth attachment disappears and the root
becomes bonded to the jawbone making extraction of the tooth difficult orimpossible. The condition is more likely to be associated with a dead or
root treated tooth.
A rare genetic condition that causes the teeth to fail to develop. It can be either complete (a total absence of teeth) or partial anodontia [only one or two teeth may be missing] The most common site is the upper lateral incisors. The condition is hereditary.
Drugs that can help clear up infections caused by bacteria, but not by viruses, worms
or fungi. Distinguishing illnesses which result from bacterial infections (as opposed to
viral, worm or fungal infections) is the key to using them successfully.
The tip (apical) area of the root of a tooth. If this part of the tooth has to be removed
the surgical operation is called an apicectomy or root re-section. The apex is a very
important part of the tooth. The blood and nerve supply, which keep the tooth alive,
run through a small opening in it into the root canal.